In recent decades, as it moved to shed the legacy of Franco’s years of dictatorship and found a newly integrated place in the European Union, Spain has undergone remarkable cultural and religious change. Once the most solidly Catholic of countries, Spain today retains relatively high levels of nominal membership, but in many other regards is remarkably secular. Many of those who claim Catholic affiliation seldom attend church.

While those who track church attendance and other measures might see decline, a number of important feasts and devotions suggest the opposite. Long lines of pilgrims wait to see the Black Madonna of Montserrat, in Catalonia, and pilgrims visit all day at sites like the cathedral in Zaragoza, home to Nuestra Señora del Pilar. Holy Week in Seville, a centuries-old tradition that one might expect to be much diminished in a secular environment, is a remarkably vibrant event that takes over the city for more than a week. The confraternities that organize the processions are a deep part of the religious and social fabric of the city, and carry on their activities all year long. Read more...

    Religious Affiliation
    Chart source: Pew-Templeton Global Religious Futures Project, 2010
    Total Population
    46,397,452 1
    80.30% 1
    19.70% 1
    Immigrants as % of Population
    12.7% 2
    0.66 per 100,000 people (global median 6.9) 3
    Level of Public Corruption
    41 (1=lowest, 176=highest corruption) 4
    Gender Equality in the Economy, Health, Education and Politics
    29 (1=most equal, 144=least equal) 5
    Fertility Rate
    1.34 births per adult woman 6
    Children Who Do Not Live to Age 5
    0.40% 6
    Life Expectancy at Birth
    83 years 6
    Adult Literacy Rate
    97.75% 6
    Internet Users
    76% 6
    Gross National Income per Capita
    US$29,440 6
    • 1 United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2018). World Urbanization Prospects: The 2018 Revision, Online Edition.
    • 2 United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Trends in International Migrant Stock: The 2015 revision.
    • 3 United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime, Homicide Statistics 2015.
    • 4 Transparency International, Corruption Perceptions Index 2016.
    • 5 World Economic Forum, The Global Gender Gap Report, 2016.
    • 6 UNICEF, State of the World's Children, 2016.

    These statistics are derived from the Vatican's official publication, Statistical Yearbook of the Church 2020 (Vatican City: Librera Editrice Vaticana, 2022). The numbers may differ from data reported by other sources on this site.

    Baptized Catholics
    Baptized Catholics as % of Total Population
    Baptisms per Year (Under age 7)
    Baptisms per Year (Over age 7)
    First Communions per Year
    Confirmations per Year
    Students Enrolled in Catholic Primary Schools
    Students Enrolled in Catholic Secondary Schools
    Students Enrolled in Catholic Higher Education
    Church Marriages per Year
    Church Marriages in Which Both Spouses are Catholics
    Women Religious (Nuns & Sisters)
    Catholics per Priest
    Catholic Hospitals
    Homes for Aged, Handicapped, Invalids