Italy

Catholicism is very much part of the warp and weft of Italian life, as an inevitable social, cultural and political force that Italians take for granted.  The deep and old cultural ties are made visible by the presence of more than 100,000 Catholic churches in the country. Catholicism still has a near religious monopoly in Italy.  There is a small but ancient Jewish community in the heart of Rome and elsewhere, a growing Muslim immigrant population, and sizeable numbers of agnostics and atheists to challenge that religious monopoly, but the monopoly is still very real. Protestantism, and the spirit of the Protestant Reformation, never took root in Italy. Read more...

    Religious Affiliation
    Chart source: Pew-Templeton Global Religious Futures Project, 2010
    Total Population
    59,290,969 1
    Urban
    70.40% 1
    Rural
    29.60% 1
    Immigrants as % of Population
    9.7% 2
    Homicides
    0.78 per 100,000 people (global median 6.9) 3
    Level of Public Corruption
    60 (1=lowest, 176=highest corruption) 4
    Gender Equality in the Economy, Health, Education and Politics
    50 (1=most equal, 144=least equal) 7
    Fertility Rate
    1.46 births per adult woman 5
    Children Who Do Not Live to Age 5
    0.40% 5
    Life Expectancy at Birth
    83 years 5
    Adult Literacy Rate
    99.07% 5
    Internet Users
    62% 5
    Gross National Income per Capita
    US$34,270 5

    These statistics are derived from the Vatican's official publication, Statistical Yearbook of the Church 2020 (Vatican City: Librera Editrice Vaticana, 2022). The numbers may differ from data reported by other sources on this site.

    Baptized Catholics
    57,954,000
    Baptized Catholics as % of Total Population
    97.17
    Baptisms per Year (Under age 7)
    279,174
    Baptisms per Year (Over age 7)
    3,724
    First Communions per Year
    361,834
    Confirmations per Year
    343,247
    Students Enrolled in Catholic Primary Schools
    123,331
    Students Enrolled in Catholic Secondary Schools
    127,952
    Students Enrolled in Catholic Higher Education
    331,693
    Church Marriages per Year
    80,993
    Church Marriages in Which Both Spouses are Catholics
    79,232
    Priests
    41,895
    Women Religious (Nuns & Sisters)
    70,020
    Catholics per Priest
    1,383
    Parishes
    25,581
    Catholic Hospitals
    89
    Homes for Aged, Handicapped, Invalids
    1,323
    • 1 United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2018). World Urbanization Prospects: The 2018 Revision, Online Edition.
    • 2 United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Trends in International Migrant Stock: The 2015 revision.
    • 3 United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime, Homicide Statistics 2015.
    • 4 Transparency International, Corruption Perceptions Index 2016.
    • 5 UNICEF, State of the World's Children, 2016.
    • 6 Statistical Yearbook of the Church 2020 (Vatican City: Librera Editrice Vaticana, 2022).
    • 7 World Economic Forum, The Global Gender Gap Report, 2016.